Sitting in the renowned region of Cappadocia, Turkey, the town of Goreme is a huge tourist attraction for many years due to its incredible natural rock formations called the “fairy chimneys” ;.Believed to possess been carved to the volcanic rock, Goreme is the gateway to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Goreme National Park, which includes a one-of-a-kind landscape.
The park and the Goreme valley is just a strong reflection of Byzantine art, which flourished during the Iconoclastic period. Here, you will find not only the famous chimney rock formations by also the ruins of traditional habitats that have been built such as for instance underground towns, residences, and troglodyte villages, dating as far back since the 4th century. Goreme is pretty small and can quickly be navigated on foot. If you don’t desire to walk, you can even rent bicycles, scooters and motorcycles to get at specific locations. The nearby underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli in addition to the more expensive towns of Avanos and Urgup can quickly be reached from Goreme through public transport, particularly bus and mini buses.
Whenever you reach Goreme, you can easily arrange a tour from among the several travel agencies that provide day trips to the underground cities and the ancient churches. Most excursions also include a visit to a quaint shop that sells local products like pottery and carpet. But the main site to explore of this type is the Goreme Open Air museum, which is only a 15-minute walk from the town center. This fascinating museum features a great number of fairy chimneys and caves, of changed into monasteries and churches. By paying the admission fee, you’ll access all individual sites in the complex like the church in a cave, situated away from museum entrance and over the highway.
Walking through the museum offers you the opportunity to find out more about and admire closely the geological formations, and how men in the first times, used them to be places of worship and sanctuary. Some of the churches still maintain their original frescoes and geometric motifs. You can find eleven refectories in the museum complex which are equipped with their own church in addition to rock-cut chairs and tables. Such churches are believed to possess been built during the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries.
One of many more important sites in the Goreme Open Air Museum is the Nunnery. This rock mass goes as high as 6-7 stories. Make sure to visit the very first and second floor of the Nunnery which has the dining hall and the chapel, respectively. You are able to access the 3rd story of the building, where the church resides, via a tunnel. Of all the churches in the complex, the Dark Church or Karanlik Kilise appears to attract visitors the most, even though there is an extra charge for those who wish to enter this church.